Australian Standards for the Export of Livestock 3.3
STANDARD 5 | 
Loading and onboard management requirements

General penning arrangements

5.3.1 - The minimum pen space allocations for cattle exported by sea are contained in Table 9, Table 10a, Table 10b, Table 11a, Table 11b, Table 12a and Table 12b. These penning criteria apply:

  1. where a curfew of more than 12 hours will be undertaken at the registered establishment prior to transport to the port of embarkation, a curfew factor of an additional 5% must be applied when calculating liveweight (cumulative with other additional space requirements and must be calculated first); and
  2. the weight of each animal in a pen must not vary from pen average weight by more than 50kg. The pen average weight is calculated by dividing the total weight of the cattle in the pen by the number of cattle in the pen; and
  3. for pregnant cattle, a minimum additional 15% space must be provided; and
  4. cattle without horns may be penned with cattle with:
    1. horns up to 12cm in length and where the horns are tipped (blunt); and / or
    2. horns longer than 12cm in length and are pointing downwards parallel to the face and where the horns are tipped (blunt); and
  5. cattle outside of the weights shown in Table 9, Table 10a, Table 10b, Table 11a, Table 11b, Table 12a and Table 12b must only be sourced for export or exported in accordance with a light or heavy cattle management plan where an exporter has approval under Standard 1.4.2.

Consignments of cattle loaded at a port north of latitude 26°S (default pen space)

5.3.2 - The minimum default pen space allocation for consignments of cattle exported by sea loaded at a port north of latitude 26°S is contained in Table 9. For weights between those shown in Table 9, the minimum pen area per head must be calculated by linear interpolation.

Table 9 Minimum default pen space allocation for consignments of cattle loaded at a port north of latitude 26°S

Liveweight (kg)

Minimum pen area (m2/head)

200

0.990

205

1.007

210

1.023

215

1.039

220

1.055

225

1.070

230

1.086

235

1.102

240

1.117

245

1.132

250

1.148

255

1.163

260

1.178

265

1.193

270

1.207

275

1.222

280

1.237

285

1.251

290

1.266

295

1.280

300

1.294

305

1.308

310

1.323

315

1.337

320

1.351

325

1.364

330

1.378

335

1.392

340

1.406

345

1.419

350

1.433

355

1.446

360

1.460

365

1.473

370

1.486

375

1.500

380

1.513

385

1.526

390

1.539

395

1.552

400

1.565

405

1.578

410

1.591

415

1.603

420

1.616

425

1.629

430

1.641

435

1.654

440

1.666

445

1.679

450

1.691

455

1.704

460

1.716

465

1.728

470

1.741

475

1.753

480

1.765

485

1.777

490

1.789

495

1.801

500

1.813

Consignments of cattle that are loaded at a port north of latitude 26°S (alternative pen space)

5.3.3 - Standard 5.3.2 applies unless an exporter is approved in writing under their approved arrangement to use alternative pen space for cattle loaded at a port north of latitude 26°S to a particular destination. The alternative pen space allocation is contained in Table 10a for near markets. Table 10b contains the alternative pen space allocation for far markets. For weights between those shown in Table 10a or those shown in Table 10b, the minimum pen area per head must be calculated by linear interpolation. Daily reports must be provided as set out in Standard 5.6.6.
An amendment to this standard will come into force on 3 April 2024.

Table 10a Alternative minimum pen space allocation for consignments of cattle loaded at a port north of latitude 26°S where an exporter is approved to use the alternative pen space – near markets

Liveweight (kg)

Alternative minimum pen area (m2/head)

200

0.770

205

0.787

210

0.804

215

0.821

220

0.838

225

0.855

230

0.872

235

0.889

240

0.906

245

0.923

250

0.940

255

0.957

260

0.974

265

0.991

270

1.008

275

1.025

280

1.042

285

1.059

290

1.076

295

1.093

300

1.110

305

1.127

310

1.144

315

1.161

320

1.178

325

1.195

330

1.212

335

1.229

340

1.246

345

1.263

350

1.280

355

1.297

360

1.314

365

1.331

370

1.348

375

1.365

380

1.382

385

1.399

390

1.416

395

1.433

400

1.450

405

1.459

410

1.468

415

1.487

420

1.505

425

1.519

430

1.533

435

1.547

440

1.560

445

1.574

450

1.588

455

1.602

460

1.615

465

1.629

470

1.643

475

1.657

480

1.670

485

1.684

490

1.698

495

1.712

500

1.725

Table 10b Alternative minimum pen space allocation for consignments of cattle loaded at a port north of latitude 26°S where an exporter is approved to use the alternative pen space – far markets

Liveweight (kg)

Alternative minimum pen area (m2/head)

200

0.770

205

0.787

210

0.804

215

0.821

220

0.838

225

0.855

230

0.872

235

0.889

240

0.906

245

0.923

250

0.940

255

0.957

260

0.974

265

0.991

270

1.008

275

1.025

280

1.042

285

1.059

290

1.076

295

1.093

300

1.110

305

1.127

310

1.144

315

1.161

320

1.178

325

1.195

330

1.212

335

1.229

340

1.246

345

1.263

350

1.280

355

1.297

360

1.314

365

1.331

370

1.348

375

1.365

380

1.382

385

1.399

390

1.416

395

1.433

400

1.450

405

1.467

410

1.484

415

1.501

420

1.518

425

1.535

430

1.552

435

1.567

440

1.586

445

1.603

450

1.620

455

1.637

460

1.654

465

1.671

470

1.688

475

1.705

480

1.722

485

1.739

490

1.756

495

1.773

500

1.790

Consignments of cattle loaded at a port south of latitude 26°S between 1 May to 31 October (inclusive) and the voyage crosses latitude 15°S

5.3.4 - The minimum pen space allocation for consignments of cattle exported by sea that are loaded at a port south of latitude 26°S, between 1 May and 31 October (inclusive) and the voyage crosses latitude 15°S is contained in Table 11a. These pen space allocations apply unless an exporter is approved in writing under their approved arrangement to use the alternative pen space for cattle loaded at a port south of latitude 26°S, between 1 May and 31 October (inclusive) and the voyage crosses latitude 15°S. The alternative pen space allocation is contained in Table 11b. For weights between those shown in Table 11a or those shown in Table 11b, the minimum pen area per head must be calculated by linear interpolation.

Table 11a Minimum pen space allocation for consignments of cattle loaded at a port south of latitude 26°S between 1 May and 31 October (inclusive) and the voyage crosses latitude 15°S – default

Liveweight (kg)

Minimum pen area (m2/head)

200

0.990

205

1.007

210

1.023

215

1.039

220

1.055

225

1.070

230

1.086

235

1.102

240

1.117

245

1.132

250

1.148

255

1.163

260

1.178

265

1.193

270

1.207

275

1.222

280

1.237

285

1.251

290

1.266

295

1.280

300

1.294

305

1.308

310

1.323

315

1.337

320

1.351

325

1.364

330

1.378

335

1.392

340

1.406

345

1.419

350

1.433

355

1.446

360

1.460

365

1.473

370

1.486

375

1.502

380

1.520

385

1.539

390

1.558

395

1.613

400

1.668

405

1.688

410

1.707

415

1.727

420

1.746

425

1.766

430

1.785

435

1.805

440

1.824

445

1.844

450

1.863

455

1.883

460

1.902

465

1.922

470

1.940

475

1.961

480

1.980

485

2.000

490

2.019

495

2.039

500

2.060

Table 11b Minimum pen space allocation for consignments of cattle loaded at a port south of latitude 26°S between 1 May and 31 October (inclusive) and the voyage crosses latitude 15°S – alternative

Liveweight (kg)

Minimum pen area (m2/head)

200

0.847

205

0.866

210

0.884

215

0.903

220

0.922

225

0.941

230

0.959

235

0.978

240

0.997

245

1.016

250

1.034

255

1.053

260

1.071

265

1.090

270

1.109

275

1.128

280

1.146

285

1.165

290

1.184

295

1.203

300

1.221

305

1.240

310

1.258

315

1.277

320

1.296

325

1.315

330

1.333

335

1.352

340

1.371

345

1.390

350

1.408

355

1.427

360

1.445

365

1.464

370

1.483

375

1.502

380

1.520

385

1.539

390

1.558

395

1.613

400

1.668

405

1.688

410

1.707

415

1.727

420

1.746

425

1.766

430

1.785

435

1.805

440

1.824

445

1.844

450

1.863

455

1.883

460

1.902

465

1.922

470

1.940

475

1.961

480

1.980

485

2.000

490

2.019

495

2.039

500

2.060

Consignments of cattle loaded at a port south of latitude 26°S, between 1 November to 30 April (inclusive) if the voyage crosses latitude 15°S, or all year if the voyage does not cross latitude 15°S

5.3.5 - The minimum pen space allocation for consignments of cattle exported by sea that are loaded at a port south of latitude 26°S either between 1 November to 30 April (inclusive) if the voyage crosses latitude 15°S, or all year if the voyage does not cross latitude 15°S is contained in Table 12a. These pen space allocations apply unless an exporter is approved in writing under their approved arrangement to use the alternative pen space for cattle loaded at a port south of latitude 26°S, between 1 November and 30 April (inclusive) and the voyage crosses latitude 15°S, or all year if the voyage does not cross latitude 15°S. The alternative pen space allocation is contained in Table 12b. For weights between those shown in Table 12a or those shown in Table 12b, the minimum pen area per head must be calculated by linear interpolation.

Table 12a Minimum pen space allocation for consignments of cattle loaded at a port south of latitude 26°S, between 1 November to 30 April (inclusive) if the voyage crosses latitude 15°S, or all year for voyages that do not cross latitude 15°S – default

Liveweight (kg)

Minimum pen area (m2/head)

200

0.990

205

1.007

210

1.023

215

1.039

220

1.055

225

1.070

230

1.086

235

1.102

240

1.117

245

1.132

250

1.148

255

1.163

260

1.178

265

1.193

270

1.207

275

1.222

280

1.237

285

1.251

290

1.266

295

1.280

300

1.294

305

1.308

310

1.323

315

1.337

320

1.351

325

1.364

330

1.378

335

1.392

340

1.406

345

1.419

350

1.433

355

1.446

360

1.460

365

1.473

370

1.486

375

1.500

380

1.513

385

1.526

390

1.539

395

1.552

400

1.565

405

1.578

410

1.591

415

1.603

420

1.616

425

1.629

430

1.641

435

1.654

440

1.666

445

1.679

450

1.691

455

1.704

460

1.716

465

1.728

470

1.741

475

1.753

480

1.765

485

1.777

490

1.827

495

1.880

500

1.932

Table 12b Minimum pen space allocation for consignments of cattle loaded at a port south of latitude 26°S, between 1 November to 30 April (inclusive) if the voyage crosses latitude 15°S, or all year for voyages that do not cross latitude 15°S – alternative

Liveweight (kg)

Minimum pen area (m2/head)

200

0.770

205

0.787

210

0.804

215

0.821

220

0.838

225

0.855

230

0.872

235

0.889

240

0.906

245

0.923

250

0.940

255

0.957

260

0.974

265

0.991

270

1.008

275

1.025

280

1.042

285

1.059

290

1.076

295

1.093

300

1.110

305

1.127

310

1.144

315

1.161

320

1.178

325

1.195

330

1.212

335

1.229

340

1.246

345

1.263

350

1.280

355

1.297

360

1.314

365

1.331

370

1.348

375

1.365

380

1.382

385

1.399

390

1.416

395

1.433

400

1.450

405

1.467

410

1.484

415

1.501

420

1.518

425

1.535

430

1.552

435

1.569

440

1.586

445

1.603

450

1.620

455

1.637

460

1.654

465

1.671

470

1.688

475

1.705

480

1.722

485

1.775

490

1.827

495

1.880

500

1.932

5.3.6 - When calculating feed and water requirements, allowance must be made for, and cattle must be provided with:

  1. at least the quantity of feed shown in Table 13; and
  2. at least 12% of liveweight of water per head per voyage day.

Table 13 Feed requirements for cattle

Class of cattle

Minimum feed allowance/head/voyage day (% liveweight)

Cattle weighing less than 250kg

2.5

Breeding heifers with six or fewer permanent incisor teeth (regardless of pregnancy status)

2.5

Pregnant cows

2.5

Other classes of cattle

2.0

5.3.7 - Feed loaded and provided to cattle exported on:

  1. short and long-haul voyages, must include at least 1% of the required feed as chaff and/or hay; and
  2. extended long-haul voyages where an exporter has approval under Standard 5.1.17 to export cattle on extended long-haul voyages, must include at least 2% of the required feed as chaff and/or hay.

5.3.8 - In addition to standard 5.1.18, cattle exported on long and extended long haul voyages must be provided with additional sawdust, rice hulls or similar bedding material to be used exclusively for bedding at a rate of at least 7 tonnes or 25m3 for every 1,000m2 of cattle pen space. This additional bedding requirement does not apply to cattle loaded from a port north of latitude 26°S and exported to South-East Asia.

5.3.9 - The minimum veterinary medicines and equipment to be carried on the vessel are in Table 14. Additional veterinary medicines and equipment to be carried on voyages with pregnant cattle are in Table 15. Additional veterinary medicines and equipment may be necessary if there are other classes of cattle in the consignment.

Table 14 Minimum veterinary medicines and veterinary equipment for cattle

Category

Medicines and equipment (per 1,000 cattle)

Voyages of less than 10 days

Voyages of 10 days or more

Injectable antibiotics

1Penicillin (short acting)

15 cattle doses

30 cattle doses

1Oxytetracycline (long acting) or equivalent

15 cattle doses

30 cattle doses

1Antibiotic(s) appropriate for the treatment of bovine respiratory disease (may include Florfenicol, Tilmicosin, Tulathromycin, Tylosin)

15 cattle doses

30 cattle doses

Anti-inflammatory medicines

Dexamethasone

15 cattle doses

30 cattle doses

Flunixin or equivalent

15 cattle doses

30 cattle doses

Topical wound treatment

Sufficient to treat 10 minor wounds

Sufficient to treat 20 minor wounds

Pink eye treatment

10 tubes

1 box of 20 tubes

Sedative

Xylazine

5 cattle doses

10 cattle doses

Other equipment

Thermometers

3 per vessel

3 per vessel

Needles (18 gauge, 1 ½ inch) or equivalent

1 box of 100

1 box of 100

Hypodermic syringes

40 x 20mL, 10 x 5mL

40 x 20mL, 10 x 5mL

Restraint equipment

Adjustable head bale (1 per vessel) should be included

Adjustable head bale (1 per vessel) should be included

Rope halter (1 per vessel)

Rope halter (1 per vessel)

Nose grip pliers (1 pair per vessel)

Nose grip pliers (1 pair per vessel)

Post-mortem kit

2 post-mortem knives plus steel and sharpening stone per vessel

2 post-mortem knives plus steel and sharpening stone per vessel

Remotely triggered syringe device

1 syringe plus spare parts per vessel, plus 10 spare needles per 1,000 animals

1 syringe plus spare parts per vessel, plus 10 spare needles per 1,000 animals

Captive-bolt gun

1 per vessel, plus 40 cartridges per 1,000 animals

1 per vessel, plus 40 cartridges per 1,000 animals

1 Refer to veterinary advice and the Australian veterinary antimicrobial prescribing guidelines

Table 15 Additional minimum veterinary medicines and equipment for pregnant cattle

Medicines and equipment

Minimum requirement

Obstetrical lubricant

5 litres per 2,000 cattle

Calving ropes

1 set per vessel

Obstetrical gloves

1 box per vessel

Oxytocin

50 ml per 1,000 cattle

Additional chlorohexidine (or equivalent)

5 litres per vessel

Iodine (umbilical treatment)

1 litre per vessel

Uterine pessaries

10 per 2,000 cattle

Surgical equipment

Adequate to conduct a caesarean section